|Distance (yards)||Drop (inches)||Arrow Speed (FPS)||Kinetic Energy (ft/lbs)||Momentum (lb/sec)|
These calculations are based on the notable publication "Exterior Ballistics of Bows and Arrows" by W.J. Rheingans. It focuses on determining the maximum shooting range that can be achieved with arrows of different designs. What happens after an arrow leaves the crossbow depends on a couple of factors:
It might be worth noting that the original study deals with an extra variable: the speed and direction of the wind.
But since its main interest is getting the projectile as far as possible, it is safe to ignore. The main focus of most crossbow shooters is actually hitting a target - whether it is a game animal or a dummy target. This is not to say that wind doesn't affect the accuracy (because it does!), but it has no place in a calculator as we cannot predict or measure it on the field or create a meaningful simulation model.
The purpose of the optional advanced settings of the calculator is to determine the amount of resistance the arrow gets from the air. This is where the details of the arrow design come into play.
Please note that these are optional and there are some common/average default values loaded so you don't have to set those explicitly if you are not ready to dig that deep at the moment.
The way to calculate said resistance is by measuring the surface area of the arrow and including the shape of certain arrow parts (tips and fletchings) into the equation.
Our calculator assumes an arrow with a bullet-like shape of the tip and plastic vanes as these correspond to virtually all products on the market today.
The surface area of the arrow consists of the shaft (that's why we need its length and external diameter) and both sides of each vane.